2019  Change 2018
Revenue £m  4341.3  6.4% 4,082.0
Operating profit* £m  850.5  (3.4%) 880.2
Profit before tax and exceptional items £m  821.6  (4.1%) 856.8
Profit before tax £m  835.9  3.1% 810.7
Profit for the year £m  673.9  2.6% 656.6
Adjusted basic earnings per share pence††
 20.3  (4.7%) 21.3
Basic earnings per share pence  20.6  2.5% 20.1
Tangible net asset value per share pence  100.5  2.2% 98.3
Net cash £m
 545.7  (15.3%) 644.1

* Operating profit is defined as profit on ordinary activities before net finance costs, exceptional items and tax, after share of results of joint ventures.

†Tangible net assets per share is defined as net assets before any accrued dividends excluding goodwill and intangible assets divided by the number of ordinary shares in issue at the end of the period.

††Adjusted basic earnings per share represents earnings attributed to the shareholders of the parent, excluding exceptional items and tax on exceptional items, divided by the weighted average number of shares in issue during the period.

‡Net cash / (debt) is defined as total cash less total financing.

UK Housing business highlights  2019 2018
Legal completions (excluding joint ventures)  15,520 14,822
Private legal completions (excluding joint ventures)
 12,043 11,421
Affordable legal completions (excluding joint ventures)
 3,477 3,401
Legal completions (joint ventures)  199 111
Outlets open
 240 256
Average number of employees  5,796 5,358

To find out more about our performance in 2018, please visit 2018 annual report and our results and reports, for more about Taylor Wimpey please visit our company.